Metering &Tariff for Energy Supply with Power Purchase Agreement
US$ 4500 Per participant
1. COURSE OVERVIEW:
The trend of the new electricity markets worldwide, always facing the challenge of sustainability. In this training course we tackle the key factors that market players can rely on to insure sustainable electricity market. One of those key factors is the contractual relationship that insures the appropriate legal framework between the market players. The good contract is that always give a clear right and obligations for all parties. This course gives the minimum required provisions for each type of contracts that grantee market sustainability.
Another key issue is the policy and mechanism of tariff setting. In this regards tariff is not only the price of Kwh but it also concerns all services needed in the power system for all market players. Fare and right price signal is essential not only for the end users but for service providers as well.
No attempt will be made in this guide to discuss particular tariffs, since there appears to be as many different tariff structures around the world as there are utilities. Some tariffs are very complicated in detail but certain elements are basic to all of them and are aimed at encouraging consumers to manage their power consumption in a way which reduces the cost of generation, transmission and distribution. The two predominant ways in which the cost of supplying power to consumers can be reduced, are:
- Reduction of power losses in the generation, transmission and distribution of electrical energy. In principle the lowest losses in a power system are attained when all parts of the system operate at unity power factor
- Reduction of the peak power demand, while increasing the demand at low-load periods, thereby exploiting the generating plant more fully, and minimizing plant redundancy
Although the ideal condition noted in the first possibility mentioned above cannot be realized in practice, many tariff structures are based partly on kVA demand, as well as on kWh consumed. Since, for a given kW loading, the minimum value of kVA occurs at unity power factor, the consumer can minimize billing costs by taking steps to improve the power factor of the load (as discussed in Chapter L). The kVA demand generally used for tariff purposes is the maxi- mum average kVA demand occurring during each billing period, and is based on average kVA demands, over fixed periods (generally 10, 30 or 60 minute periods) and selecting the highest of these values.
2. COURSE OBJECTIVES:
The main objective of this training course is to allow the participants to be aware of the Process of Contract Management and the Challenges facing the Commercial specialist in dealing with their client especially in Electricity Sectors where the contracts are different from case to another. The course also focuses on the Billing and Payment conditions as well as Dispute Resolutions.
On the other hand as Tariff is the most important factor in the Relationship between different parties as it has Economic, Financial, Social and of course Political Impact on all market players. The training course provides the participant with the type of tariff needed for all services required by different Market Players.
3. COURSE CONTENTS:
Module (01) Metering Tariff with Dynamic Pricing
Module (02) Demand Side Management (DSM)
Module (03) Grid Modernization Strategies (Smart Grid)
Module (04) Electricity Tariff Structure
Module (05) Sale & Purchase of Electricity
Module (06) Power Selling Interchange
Module (07) Energy Demand Forecasting
Module (08) Balancing Mechanisms (BM) for Trading
Module (09) Integrated Third Party Generation into T&D
Module (10) Benchmarking and Best Practice
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